CAY10683 br The calculated ILCR revealed potential health ri
The calculated ILCR revealed potential health risks from the ex-posure to benzene through inhalation at all areas, whilst ILCR values at all traﬃc sites were not recommendable. The allocation of the esti-mated ILCR at the 9 atmospheric regimes showed that clusters with increased benzene levels commonly accounted for large fractions of the total risk however in some cases the impact of highly polluted clusters on ILCR was reduced, due to the lack of appearance of these circulation types.
According to the findings of this study meteorology and local emissions are key parameters which are combined to determine ben-zene levels and corresponding ILCR in Europe. The findings of this study can be used by the authorities across Europe in order to create a decision-making system, which will advise the CAY10683 of specific regions and especially the most sensitive cohorts of the population to avoid major source areas of benzene (e.g. traﬃc arteries, chemical in-dustries etc), when the atmospheric circulation favors the increment of its concentration. In addition, the same decision-making system must have the jurisdiction to instruct the reduction of benzene emissions under critical meteorological conditions. As a closure, we would like to underline the fact that the time series of the used data cover the years 2008–2012, thus further research with more recent observations of carcinogenic compounds could enhance the main conclusions of our study concerning the influence of atmospheric conditions on ILCR.
Conflicts of interest
K. Dimitriou, P. Kassomenos
Declaration of interests
The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influ-ence the work reported in this paper.
The authors would like to recognize the contribution of the European Environment Agency (EEA), for the provision of air pollution data through the AirBase website. In addition we would like to thank the NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, for the provision of NCEP Reanalysis data from their Web site at https://www.esrl.noaa. gov/psd/.
Appendix A. Supplementary data
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
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